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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016 Oct 26;8(42):28566-28573. doi: 10.1021/acsami.6b04270. Epub 2016 Oct 12.

A MnO2/Graphene Oxide/Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes-Sulfur Composite with Dual-Efficient Polysulfide Adsorption for Improving Lithium-Sulfur Batteries.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Space Power Technology, Shanghai Institute of Space Power Sources , Shanghai 200245, China.
2
Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg S-41296, Gothenburg, Sweden.
3
Department of Chemistry, Institute of Sciences, Shanghai University , Shanghai 200444, China.

Abstract

Lithium-sulfur batteries can potentially be used as a chemical power source because of their high energy density. However, the sulfur cathode has several shortcomings, including fast capacity attenuation, poor electrochemical activity, and low Coulombic efficiency. Herein, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene oxide (GO), and manganese dioxide are introduced to the sulfur cathode. A MnO2/GO/CNTs-S composite with a unique three-dimensional (3D) architecture was synthesized by a one-pot chemical method and heat treatment approach. In this structure, the innermost CNTs work as a conducting additive and backbone to form a conducting network. The MnO2/GO nanosheets anchored on the sidewalls of CNTs have a dual-efficient absorption capability for polysulfide intermediates as well as afford adequate space for sulfur loading. The outmost nanosized sulfur particles are well-distributed on the surface of the MnO2/GO nanosheets and provide a short transmission path for Li+ and the electrons. The sulfur content in the MnO2/GO/CNTs-S composite is as high as 80 wt %, and the as-designed MnO2/GO/CNTs-S cathode displays excellent comprehensive performance. The initial specific capacities are up to 1500, 1300, 1150, 1048, and 960 mAh g-1 at discharging rates of 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, and 1 C, respectively. Moreover, the composite cathode shows a good cycle performance: the specific capacity remains at 963.5 mAh g-1 at 0.2 C after 100 cycles when the area density of sulfur is 2.8 mg cm-2.

KEYWORDS:

MnO2; carbon nanotube; graphene oxide; lithium sulfur; polysulfide adsorption

PMID:
27472481
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.6b04270

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