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J Sch Nurs. 2017 Aug;33(4):299-306. doi: 10.1177/1059840516660015. Epub 2016 Jul 28.

Effect of Changes in Sleep Quantity and Quality on Depressive Symptoms Among Korean Children.

Lee JE1,2, Park S3, Nam JY1,2, Ju YJ1,2, Park EC2,4.

Author information

1
1 Department of Public Health, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2
2 Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
3
3 Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
4
4 Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

This study aims to determine whether changes in sleep quantity and quality in childhood are associated with incidence of depressive symptoms. We used the three waves of the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey (2011-2013). Statistical analysis using a generalized estimating equation model was performed. The 2,605 subjects analyzed included 1,453 students in 2012 and 1,152 students in 2013 without depressive symptoms in the prior year. We found that deteriorated or consistently poor sleep quality were important risk factors for depressive symptoms in children. We suggest that early detection and intervention of poor sleep quality in elementary school is required to reduce early onset depressive symptoms.

KEYWORDS:

childhood depression; children; depressive symptoms; school nursing; sleep quality

PMID:
27470310
DOI:
10.1177/1059840516660015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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