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J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016 Dec;116(12):1925-1931. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2016.06.006. Epub 2016 Jul 25.

Associated Demographic Factors of Instrumental and Emotional Feeding in Parents of Hong Kong Children.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Instrumental and emotional feeding have been associated with obesogenic dietary behaviors and obesity in children. Therefore, identifying parents who are more likely to use detrimental feeding styles may be helpful for tailoring interventions.

OBJECTIVE:

This study examines the demographic variation of instrumental and emotional feeding by using a sample of the Hong Kong population.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional research is presented. Instrumental and emotional feeding styles were assessed.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 3,742 Hong Kong parents from 27 kindergartens, with children aged 2 to 7 years old, were enrolled in this study.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Instrumental and emotional feeding styles were assessed by a validated Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:

Differences among the demographic characteristics in parental feeding styles were compared by independent t test or analysis of variance. Multiple linear regressions were performed to determine the associated demographic factors.

RESULTS:

A greater tendency to adopt instrumental feeding was associated with younger children (β=-.07), feeding a daughter (β=.05), and a mother having a full-time job (β=.10). By contrast, a greater tendency to adopt emotional feeding was associated with younger children (β=-.07), feeding a daughter (β=.06), a mother having a full-time job (β=.16), or a lower parental education level (β=-.11).

CONCLUSIONS:

Parents with full-time jobs, lower education levels, or who were nurturing a younger child may be more likely to use unhealthy feeding styles. Researchers should consider developing intervention strategies that focus on decreasing emotional and instrumental feeding styles for full-time employed or less-educated parents of younger children, particularly daughters.

KEYWORDS:

Childhood obesity; Demographic; Health promotion; Parental feeding style

PMID:
27469278
DOI:
10.1016/j.jand.2016.06.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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