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J Transl Med. 2016 Jul 28;14(1):225. doi: 10.1186/s12967-016-0977-7.

Profiling and bioinformatics analyses reveal differential circular RNA expression in radioresistant esophageal cancer cells.

Author information

1
Department of Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, No. 2 Fuxue Lane, Wenzhou, 325000, China.
2
Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 325000, China.
3
Department of Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, No. 2 Fuxue Lane, Wenzhou, 325000, China. jinxc1979@hotmail.com.
4
Department of Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, No. 2 Fuxue Lane, Wenzhou, 325000, China. wzxiecongying@163.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acquired radioresistance during radiotherapy is considered as the most important reason for local tumor recurrence or treatment failure. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have recently been identified as microRNA sponges and involve in various biological processes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of circRNAs in the radioresistance of esophageal cancer.

METHODS:

Total RNA was isolated from human parental cell line KYSE-150 and self-established radioresistant esophageal cancer cell line KYSE-150R, and hybridized to Arraystar Human circRNA Array. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to confirm the circRNA expression profiles obtained from the microarray data. Bioinformatic tools including gene ontology (GO) analysis, KEGG pathway analysis and network analysis were done for further assessment.

RESULTS:

Among the detected candidate 3752 circRNA genes, significant upregulation of 57 circRNAs and downregulation of 17 circRNAs in human radioresistant esophageal cancer cell line KYSE-150R were observed compared with the parental cell line KYSE-150 (fold change ≥2.0 and P < 0.05). There were 9 out of these candidate circRNAs were validated by real-time PCR. GO analysis revealed that numerous target genes, including most microRNAs were involved in the biological processes. There were more than 400 target genes enrichment on Wnt signaling pathway. CircRNA_001059 and circRNA_000167 were the two largest nodes in circRNA/microRNA co-expression network.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study revealed a comprehensive expression and functional profile of differentially expressed circRNAs in radioresistant esophageal cancer cells, indicating possible involvement of these dysregulated circRNAs in the development of radiation resistance.

KEYWORDS:

Circular RNA; Esophageal cancer; Microarray; Radioresistance

PMID:
27465405
PMCID:
PMC4964270
DOI:
10.1186/s12967-016-0977-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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