Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Sep;104(3):715-21. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.132043. Epub 2016 Jul 27.

Breakfast consumption has no effect on neuropsychological functioning in children: a repeated-measures clinical trial.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Psychology Section, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX;
2
Department of Pediatrics, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX;
3
Department of Psychological, Health, and Learning Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX; and.
4
MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, MA.
5
Department of Pediatrics, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; tnicklas@bcm.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although many studies have investigated the relation between breakfast consumption and various domains of cognitive functioning within children, some of the reported findings are inconsistent.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to determine the short-term effects of a breakfast meal on the neuropsychological functioning of healthy school-aged children after an overnight fast.

DESIGN:

The study was conducted in a clinical research center with the use of a counterbalanced repeated-measures design among children who either consumed breakfast or were fasting. The administered neuropsychological tests included measures of attention, impulsivity, short-term memory, cognitive processing speed, and verbal learning. The sample consisted of children aged 8-10 y (n = 128), of whom 52% were female, 38% were African American, 31% were Hispanic, 28% were white, and 3% were of another race/ethnicity.

RESULTS:

There were no significant (P ≥ 0.004) differences between breakfast meal consumption and fasting for any of the neuropsychological measures administered.

CONCLUSION:

Breakfast consumption had no short-term effect on neuropsychological functioning in healthy school-aged children. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01943604.

KEYWORDS:

breakfast consumption; breakfast skipping; children; cognition; neuropsychological functioning

PMID:
27465375
DOI:
10.3945/ajcn.116.132043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center