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Osteoporos Int. 2017 Jan;28(1):291-297. doi: 10.1007/s00198-016-3714-4. Epub 2016 Jul 26.

The impact of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate on fracture risk: a case-control study from the UK.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bürgerhospital Frankfurt, Goethe-University of Frankfurt, Nibelungenallee 37-41, 60318, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. janniskyvernitakis@gmail.com.
2
Faculty of Medicine, Philipps-University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany. janniskyvernitakis@gmail.com.
3
IMS HEALTH GmbH & Co. OHG, Epidemiology, Real World Evidence Solutions, Darmstädter Landstraße 108, 60598, Frankfurt, Germany.
4
Faculty of Medicine, Philipps-University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany.
5
Department of Bone Oncology, Gyn. Endocrinology and Reproductive Medicine, Nordwest Hospital, Goethe-University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt a.M., Germany.

Abstract

There has been concerning about women receiving depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) contraception because of the prolonged hypoestrogenemic state regarding the potential negative effects on bone health. This study showed that DMPA exposure is associated with increased fracture risk and that fracture risk increases with longer DMPA exposure.

INTRODUCTION:

DMPA has been associated with impaired bone mineral acquisition during adolescence and accelerated bone loss in later life. We performed this large population-based study to assess the association between use of DMPA or combined oral contraceptives and the incident risk of fracture.

METHODS:

We identified 4189 women between 20 and 44 years of age with a first-time fracture diagnosis, matched them with 4189 random controls using the Disease Analyzer database and investigated the relation with DMPA exposure.

RESULTS:

Overall, 11 % of the fracture cases and 7.7 % of the controls had DMPA use recorded. The adjusted OR for developing a fracture in patients with current use of DMPA compared to non-users was 0.97 (95 % CI 0.51-1.86), 2.41 (95 % CI 1.42-4.08), and 1.46 (95 % CI 0.96-2.23) for 1-2, 3-9, and ≥10 prescriptions, respectively. The adjusted OR for developing a fracture in patients with past use of DMPA compared to non-users was 0.96 (95 % CI 0.73-1.26), 1.14 (95 % CI 0.86-1.51), and 1.55 (95 % CI 1.07-2.27) for 1-2, 3-9, and ≥10 prescriptions, respectively. The highest fracture risk was identified in young patients less than 30 years with longer DMPA exposure (≥10 prescriptions; OR 3.04, 95 % CI 1.36-6.81), as well as in patients in the late reproductive years with past use of DMPA (OR 1.72, 95 % CI 1.13-2.63).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicate that DMPA exposure is associated with increased fracture risk and may have negative effects on bone metabolism, resulting in impaired bone mineral acquisition during adolescence and accelerated bone loss in adult life.

KEYWORDS:

Contraception; DMPA; Fracture risk; Osteoporosis

PMID:
27461017
DOI:
10.1007/s00198-016-3714-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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