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Neuromuscul Disord. 2016 Sep;26(9):560-9. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2016.06.004. Epub 2016 Jun 7.

Commonality amid diversity: Multi-study proteomic identification of conserved disease mechanisms in spinal muscular atrophy.

Author information

1
Wolfson Centre for Inherited Neuromuscular Disease, RJAH Orthopaedic Hospital, Oswestry SY10 7AG, UK; Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK. Electronic address: h.r.fuller@keele.ac.uk.
2
Centre for Integrative Physiology, University of Edinburgh, UK; Euan MacDonald Centre for Motor Neurone Disease Research, University of Edinburgh, UK.
3
Euan MacDonald Centre for Motor Neurone Disease Research, University of Edinburgh, UK; Division of Neurobiology, The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, UK. Electronic address: T.M.Wishart@Roslin.ed.ac.uk.

Abstract

The neuromuscular disease spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a leading genetic cause of infant mortality, resulting from low levels of full-length survival motor neuron (SMN) protein. Despite having a good understanding of the underlying genetics of SMA, the molecular pathways downstream of SMN that regulate disease pathogenesis remain unclear. The identification of molecular perturbations downstream of SMN is required in order to fully understand the fundamental biological role(s) for SMN in cells and tissues of the body, as well as to develop a range of therapeutic targets for developing novel treatments for SMA. Recent developments in proteomic screening technologies have facilitated proteome-wide investigations of a range of SMA models and tissues, generating novel insights into disease mechanisms by highlighting conserved changes in a range of molecular pathways. Comparative analysis of distinct proteomic datasets reveals conserved changes in pathways converging on GAP43, GAPDH, NCAM, UBA1, LMNA, ANXA2 and COL6A3. Proteomic studies therefore represent a leading tool with which to dissect the molecular mechanisms of disease pathogenesis in SMA, serving to identify potentially attractive targets for the development of novel therapies.

KEYWORDS:

Proteomics; SMA; SMN; Spinal muscular atrophy; UBA1

PMID:
27460344
DOI:
10.1016/j.nmd.2016.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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