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AIDS Educ Prev. 2016 Apr;28(2):117-27. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2016.28.2.117.

A Randomized Study of Incentivizing HIV Testing for Parolees in Community Aftercare.

Author information

1
RAND Corp., Santa Monica, California, and College of the Canyons, Santa Clarita, California.
2
UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs.

Abstract

HIV risk-behaviors are high in criminal justice populations and more efforts are necessary to address them among criminal justice-involved substance abusers. This study examines the role of incentives in promoting HIV testing among parolees. Participants were randomly assigned to either an incentive (n = 104) or education group (control; n = 98), where the incentive group received a voucher for testing for HIV. Bivariate comparisons showed that a larger proportion of those in the incentive group received HIV testing (59% versus 47%), but this was not statistically significant (p = .09). However, in a multivariate logistic regression model controlling for covariates likely to influence HIV-testing behavior, those in the incentive group had increased odds of HIV testing in comparison to those in the education group (OR = 1.99, p < .05, CI [1.05, 3.78]). As a first of its kind, this study provides a foundation for further research on the utility of incentives in promoting HIV testing and other healthy behaviors in criminal justice populations.

PMID:
27459163
DOI:
10.1521/aeap.2016.28.2.117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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