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Elife. 2016 Jul 26;5. pii: e13410. doi: 10.7554/eLife.13410.

A century of trends in adult human height.

Collaborators (794)

Bentham J, Di Cesare M, Stevens GA, Zhou B, Bixby H, Cowan M, Fortunato L, Bennett JE, Danaei G, Hajifathalian K, Lu Y, Riley LM, Laxmaiah A, Kontis V, Paciorek CJ, Riboli E, Ezzati M, Abdeen ZA, Hamid ZA, Abu-Rmeileh NM, Acosta-Cazares B, Adams R, Aekplakorn W, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Agyemang C, Ahmadvand A, Ahrens W, Al-Hazzaa HM, Al-Othman AR, Raddadi RA, Ali MM, Alkerwi A, Alvarez-Pedrerol M, Aly E, Amouyel P, Amuzu A, Andersen LB, Anderssen SA, Anjana RM, Aounallah-Skhiri H, Ariansen I, Aris T, Arlappa N, Arveiler D, Assah FK, Avdicová M, Azizi F, Babu BV, Bahijri S, Balakrishna N, Bandosz P, Banegas JR, Barbagallo CM, Barceló A, Barkat A, Barros MV, Bata I, Batieha AM, Batista RL, Baur LA, Beaglehole R, Romdhane HB, Benet M, Bennett JE, Bernabe-Ortiz A, Bernotiene G, Bettiol H, Bhagyalaxmi A, Bharadwaj S, Bhargava SK, Bhatti Z, Bhutta ZA, Bi H, Bi Y, Bjerregaard P, Bjertness E, Bjertness MB, Björkelund C, Blokstra A, Bo S, Bobak M, Boddy LM, Boehm BO, Boeing H, Boissonnet CP, Bongard V, Bovet P, Braeckman L, Bragt MC, Brajkovich I, Branca F, Breckenkamp J, Brenner H, Brewster LM, Brian GR, Bruno G, Bueno-de-Mesquita HA, Bugge A, Burns C, León AC, Cacciottolo J, Cama T, Cameron C, Camolas J, Can G, Cândido APC, Capuano V, Cardoso VC, Carlsson AC, Carvalho MJ, Casanueva FF, Casas JP, Caserta CA, Chamukuttan S, Chan AW, Chan Q, Chaturvedi HK, Chaturvedi N, Chen CJ, Chen F, Chen H, Chen S, Chen Z, Cheng CY, Chetrit A, Chiolero A, Chiou ST, Chirita-Emandi A, Cho B, Cho Y, Christensen K, Chudek J, Cifkova R, Claessens F, Clays E, Concin H, Cooper C, Cooper R, Coppinger TC, Costanzo S, Cottel D, Cowell C, Craig CL, Crujeiras AB, D'Arrigo G, d'Orsi E, Dallongeville J, Damasceno A, Damsgaard CT, Danaei G, Dankner R, Dauchet L, Backer G, Bacquer D, Gaetano G, Henauw S, Smedt D, Deepa M, Deev AD, Dehghan A, Delisle H, Delpeuch F, Deschamps V, Dhana K, Castelnuovo AFD, Dias-da-Costa JS, Diaz A, Djalalinia S, Do HT, Dobson AJ, Donfrancesco C, Donoso SP, Döring A, Doua K, Drygas W, Dzerve V, Egbagbe E, Eggertsen R, Ekelund U, Ati JE, Elliott P, Engle-Stone R, Erasmus RT, Erem C, Eriksen L, Peña JE, Evans A, Faeh D, Fall CH, Farzadfar F, Felix-Redondo FJ, Ferguson TS, Fernández-Bergés D, Ferrante D, Ferrari M, Ferreccio C, Ferrieres J, Finn JD, Fischer K, Flores EM, Föger B, Foo LH, Forslund AS, Forsner M, Fortmann SP, Fouad HM, Francis DK, Franco MDC, Franco OH, Frontera G, Fuchs FD, Fuchs SC, Fujita Y, Furusawa T, Gaciong Z, Gafencu M, Gareta D, Garnett SP, Gaspoz JM, Gasull M, Gates L, Geleijnse JM, Ghasemian A, Giampaoli S, Gianfagna F, Giovannelli J, Giwercman A, Goldsmith RA, Gonçalves H, Gross MG, Rivas JPG, Gorbea MB, Gottrand F, Graff-Iversen S, Grafnetter D, Grajda A, Grammatikopoulou MG, Gregor RD, Grodzicki T, Grøntved A, Gruden G, Grujic V, Gu D, Gualdi-Russo E, Guan OP, Gudnason V, Guerrero R, Guessous I, Guimaraes AL, Gulliford MC, Gunnlaugsdottir J, Gunter M, Guo X, Guo Y, Gupta PC, Gureje O, Gurzkowska B, Gutierrez L, Gutzwiller F, Halkjær J, Hambleton IR, Hardy R, Kumar RH, Hata J, Hayes AJ, He J, Hendriks ME, Cadena LH, Herrala S, Heshmat R, Hihtaniemi IT, Ho SY, Ho SC, Hobbs M, Hofman A, Hormiga CM, Horta BL, Houti L, Howitt C, Htay TT, Htet AS, Htike MMT, Hu Y, Husseini A, Huu CN, Huybrechts I, Hwalla N, Iacoviello L, Iannone AG, Ibrahim MM, Ikeda N, Ikram MA, Irazola VE, Islam M, Ivkovic V, Iwasaki M, Jackson RT, Jacobs JM, Jafar T, Jamil KM, Jamrozik K, Janszky I, Jasienska G, Jelakovic B, Jiang CQ, Joffres M, Johansson M, Jonas JB, Jørgensen T, Joshi P, Juolevi A, Jurak G, Jureša V, Kaaks R, Kafatos A, Kalter-Leibovici O, Kapantais E, Kasaeian A, Katz J, Kaur P, Kavousi M, Keil U, Boker LK, Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi S, Kelishadi R, Kemper HC, Kengne AP, Kersting M, Key T, Khader YS, Khalili D, Khang YH, Khaw KH, Khouw IM, Kiechl S, Killewo J, Kim J, Klimont J, Klumbiene J, Koirala B, Kolle E, Kolsteren P, Korrovits P, Koskinen S, Kouda K, Koziel S, Kratzer W, Krokstad S, Kromhout D, Kruger HS, Kubinova R, Kujala UM, Kula K, Kulaga Z, Kumar RK, Kurjata P, Kusuma YS, Kuulasmaa K, Kyobutungi C, Laamiri FZ, Laatikainen T, Lachat C, Laid Y, Lam TH, Landrove O, Lanska V, Lappas G, Larijani B, Laugsand LE, Laxmaiah A, Bao KLN, Le TD, Leclercq C, Lee J, Lee J, Lehtimäki T, Lekhraj R, León-Muñoz LM, Li Y, Lilly CL, Lim WY, Lima-Costa MF, Lin HH, Lin X, Linneberg A, Lissner L, Litwin M, Liu J, Lorbeer R, Lotufo PA, Lozano JE, Luksiene D, Lundqvist A, Lunet N, Lytsy P, Ma G, Ma J, Machado-Coelho GL, Machi S, Maggi S, Ano DJ, Maire B, Makdisse M, Malekzadeh R, Malhotra R, Rao KM, Malyutina S, Manios Y, Mann JI, Manzato E, Margozzini P, Markey O, Marques-Vidal P, Marrugat J, Martin-Prevel Y, Martorell R, Masoodi SR, Mathiesen EB, Matsha TE, Mazur A, Mbanya JCN, McFarlane SR, McGarvey ST, McKee M, McLachlan S, McLean RM, McNulty BA, Yusof SM, Mediene-Benchekor S, Meirhaeghe A, Meisinger C, Menezes AMB, Mensink GB, Meshram II, Metspalu A, Mi J, Michaelsen KF, Mikkel K, Miller JC, Miquel JF, Miranda JJ, Mišigoj-Durakovic M, Mohamed MK, Mohammad K, Mohammadifard N, Mohan V, Yusoff MFM, Molbo D, Møller NC, Molnár D, Mondo CK, Monterrubio EA, Monyeki KDK, Moreira LB, Morejon A, Moreno LA, Morgan K, Mortensen EL, Moschonis G, Mossakowska M, Mostafa A, Mota J, Motlagh ME, Motta J, Mu TT, Muiesan ML, Müller-Nurasyid M, Murphy N, Mursu J, Murtagh EM, Musa KI, Musil V, Nagel G, Nakamura H, Jana N, Nang EEK, Nangia VB, Nankap M, Narake S, Navarrete Muñoz EM, Neal WA, Nenko I, Neovius M, Nervi F, Neuhauser HK, Nguyen ND, Nguyen QN, Nieto Martínez RE, Ning G, Ninomiya T, Nishtar S, Noale M, Norat T, Noto D, Nsour MA, O'Reilly D, Oh K, Olayan IH, Olinto MTA, Oltarzewski M, Omar MA, Onat A, Ordunez P, Ortiz AP, Osler M, Osmond C, Ostojic SM, Otero JA, Overvad K, Owusu-Dabo E, Paccaud FM, Padez C, Pahomova E, Pajak A, Palli D, Palloni A, Palmieri L, Panda-Jonas S, Panza F, Parnell WR, Parsaeian M, Pecin I, Pednekar MS, Peeters PH, Peixoto SV, Peltonen M, Pereira AC, Pérez CM, Peters A, Petkeviciene J, Peykari N, Pham ST, Pigeot I, Pikhart H, Pilav A, Pilotto L, Pistelli F, Pitakaka F, Piwonska A, Plans-Rubió P, Poh BK, Porta M, Portegies ML, Poulimeneas D, Pradeepa R, Prashant M, Price JF, Puiu M, Tartu MP, Qasrawi RF, Qorbani M, Bao TQ, Radic I, Radisauskas R, Rahman M, Raitakari O, Raj M, Rao SR, Ramachandran A, Ramke J, Ramos R, Rampal S, Rasmussen F, Redon J, Reganit PFM, Ribeiro R, Riboli E, Rigo F, Wit TFR, Ritti-Dias RM, Rivera JA, Robinson SM, Robitaille C, Rodríguez-Artalejo F, Rodriguez-Perez MDC, Rodríguez-Villamizar LA, Rojas-Martinez R, Rojroongwasinkul N, Romaguera D, Ronkainen K, Rosengren A, Rouse I, Rubinstein A, Rühli FJ, Rui O, Ruiz-Betancourt BS, Horimoto ARR, Rutkowski M, Sabanayagam C, Sachdev HS, Saidi O, Salanave B, Martinez ES, Salomaa V, Salonen JT, Salvetti M, Sánchez-Abanto J, Sandjaja, Sans S, Santos DA, Santos O, Santos RND, Santos R, Saramies JL, Sardinha LB, Sarrafzadegan N, Saum KU, Savva SC, Scazufca M, Rosario AS, Schargrodsky H, Schienkiewitz A, Schmidt IM, Schneider IJ, Schultsz C, Schutte AE, Sein AA, Sen A, Senbanjo IO, Sepanlou SG, Shalnova SA, Sharma SK, Shaw JE, Shibuya K, Shin DW, Shin Y, Shiri R, Siantar R, Sibai AM, Silva AM, Silva DAS, Simon M, Simons J, Simons LA, Sjostrom M, Slowikowska-Hilczer J, Slusarczyk P, Smeeth L, Smith MC, Snijder MB, So HK, Sobngwi E, Söderberg S, Soekatri MY, Solfrizzi V, Sonestedt E, Song Y, Sørensen TI, Soric M, Jérome CS, Soumare A, Staessen JA, Starc G, Stathopoulou MG, Staub K, Stavreski B, Steene-Johannessen J, Stehle P, Stein AD, Stergiou GS, Stessman J, Stieber J, Stöckl D, Stocks T, Stokwiszewski J, Stratton G, Stronks K, Strufaldi MW, Sun CA, Sundström J, Sung YT, Sunyer J, Suriyawongpaisal P, Swinburn BA, Sy RG, Szponar L, Tai ES, Tammesoo ML, Tamosiunas A, Tang L, Tang X, Tanser F, Tao Y, Tarawneh MR, Tarp J, Tarqui-Mamani CB, Taylor A, Tchibindat F, Theobald H, Thijs L, Thuesen BH, Tjonneland A, Tolonen HK, Tolstrup JS, Topbas M, Topór-Madry R, Torrent M, Toselli S, Traissac P, Trichopoulou A, Trichopoulos D, Trinh OT, Trivedi A, Tshepo L, Tulloch-Reid MK, Tuomainen TP, Tuomilehto J, Turley ML, Tynelius P, Tzotzas T, Tzourio C, Ueda P, Ukoli FA, Ulmer H, Unal B, Uusitalo HM, Valdivia G, Vale S, Valvi D, Schouw YTV, Herck KV, Minh HV, Rossem LV, Valkengoed IGV, Vanderschueren D, Vanuzzo D, Vatten L, Vega T, Velasquez-Melendez G, Veronesi G, Verschuren WM, Verstraeten R, Victora CG, Viegi G, Viet L, Viikari-Juntura E, Vineis P, Vioque J, Virtanen JK, Visvikis-Siest S, Viswanathan B, Vollenweider P, Voutilainen S, Vrdoljak A, Vrijheid M, Wade AN, Wagner A, Walton J, Mohamud WNW, Wang MD, Wang Q, Wang YX, Wannamethee SG, Wareham N, Weerasekera D, Whincup PH, Widhalm K, Widyahening IS, Wiecek A, Wijga AH, Wilks RJ, Willeit J, Wilsgaard T, Wojtyniak B, Wong JE, Wong TY, Woo J, Woodward M, Wu FC, Wu J, Wu SL, Xu H, Xu L, Yamborisut U, Yan W, Yang X, Yardim N, Ye X, Yiallouros PK, Yoshihara A, You QS, Younger-Coleman NO, Yusoff AF, Zainuddin AA, Zambon S, Zdrojewski T, Zeng Y, Zhao D, Zhao W, Zheng Y, Zhou M, Zhu D, Zimmermann E, Cisneros JZ.

Abstract

Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5-22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3-19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8-144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.

KEYWORDS:

biological sciences; epidemiology; global health; medical research; none; nutrition

PMID:
27458798
PMCID:
PMC4961475
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.13410
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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