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World J Pediatr. 2017 Feb;13(1):27-33. doi: 10.1007/s12519-016-0048-4. Epub 2016 Jul 15.

Efficacy and tolerability of a polysaccharide-resin-honey based cough syrup as compared to carbocysteine syrup for children with colds: a randomized, single-blinded, multicenter study.

Cohen HA1,2,3, Hoshen M4, Gur S5,6, Bahir A5,7, Laks Y5,8, Blau H5,9.

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, P.O.Box 187, 56000, Yehud, Israel.
Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
Pediatric Ambulatory Community Clinic, Petah-Tikva, Israel.
Clalit Research Institute, Chief Physician's Office, Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
Pediatric Ambulatory Community Clinic, Kefar Saba, Israel.
Pediatric Ambulatory Community Clinic, Bat Yam, Israel.
Pediatric Ambulatory Community Clinic, Ramat Aviv, Israel.
Pulmonary Institute, Schneider Children Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, Israel.



Available pediatric treatments for acute cough are limited by lack of demonstrated efficacy. The objective of this trial is to compare the effects of a polysaccharide-resin-honey based cough syrup, and carbocysteine syrups on nocturnal and daytime cough associated with childhood upper respiratory tract infections (URIs).


Using a single-blind randomization design, the study recruited children from 4 general pediatric community clinics. Participants included 150 children aged 2 to 5 years with an URI, nocturnal and daytime cough and illness duration of ≤7 days. To be eligible, children had to be free of medication on the day before presentation. A survey was administered to parents on 4 consecutive days beginning from the day of presentation in clinic. Children received the study preparation on the first evening and then 3 times per day for 3 further days. Main outcome measures were cough frequency, cough severity, bothersome nature of cough, and quality of sleep for both child and parent.


Both preparations were well tolerated and cough improved over the study period. After one night and on all survey days, there was a significantly better result for polysaccharide-resin-honey (P<0.05) for all the main outcome measures. The trend of improvement over the 4 days was steeper for polysaccharide-resin-honey (P<0.05) with regards to all cough parameters.


Both polysaccharide-resin-honey and carbocysteine cough syrups were well tolerated in children over 2 years of age. The polysaccharide-resin-honey syrup was associated with a more rapid and greater improvement in all clinical cough symptoms measured, beginning from the first night of therapy. Both nocturnal and daytime cough improved, as did sleep quality for both children and parents.


children; cough; upper respiratory tract infection

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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