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J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol. 2016 Jun;21(2):125-32. doi: 10.1142/S242483551640004X.

Pearls and Pitfalls of the Volar Locking Plating for Distal Radius Fractures.

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1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.


Volar locking plate fixation has been widely accepted method for the treatment of unstable distal radius fractures. Although the results of volar locking plate fixation are encouraging, it may cause implant-related complications such as flexor or extensor tendon injuries. In depth understanding of anatomy of the distal radius is mandatory in order to obtain adequate fixation of the fracture fragments and to avoid these complications. This article will review the anatomic characteristics of the distal radius because selecting proper implant and positioning of the plate is closely related to the volar surface anatomy of the distal radius. The number and the length of distal locking screws are also important to provide adequate fixation strength to maintain fracture fixation. We will discuss the pros and cons of the variable-angle locking plate, which was introduced in an effort to provide surgeons with more freedom for fixation. Finally, we will discuss about correcting radial length and volar tilt by using eccentric drill holes and distal locking first technique.


Distal radius fractures; Implant selection; Volar locking plate

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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