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J Biol Chem. 1989 Jul 15;264(20):11732-7.

A single gene codes for two forms of rat nucleolar protein B23 mRNA.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson 39216-4505.


Protein B23 (38 kDa, pI = 5.1) is an abundant RNA-associated nucleolar phosphoprotein and putative ribosome assembly factor. A full length cDNA clone (lambda JH1) encoding a major expressed form of rat protein B23, now designated B23.1, was reported recently (Chang, J. H., Dumbar, T. S., and Olson, M. O. J. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 12824-12837). In this paper the isolation from a rat brain library and sequence of a cDNA clone (lambda JH2) coding for a second form (B23.2) of protein B23 is reported. Isoforms B23.1 and B23.2 are polypeptides of 292 and 257 amino acids, respectively. The 5'-untranslated regions of the two cDNAs and the amino-terminal 255 amino acids of the proteins are identical in the two isoforms. However, the 3'-untranslated regions of the mRNAs are completely different, and the dipeptide Gly-Gly in B23.1 (residues 256 and 257) is replaced by Ala-His in B23.2 indicating that the former is not a precursor of the latter. The finding of AGGT sequences in the 3' regions of lambda JH1 suggest the presence of intron-exon boundaries at the point where the two cDNAs begin to differ. To investigate the origin of the two isoforms, two rat genomic libraries were screened with oligonucleotide probes based on sequences from the unique regions of the two cDNAs. One of the genomic clones isolated (lambda JH125) contained a 6.5-kilobase fragment encoding the 3' end of both cDNAs. lambda JH125 contains four exons designated W, X, Y, and Z in the order indicated. Exons W and X encode 36 amino acids at the carboxyl terminus of B23.2, whereas exons W, Y, and Z encode the carboxyl-terminal 71 amino acid residues of B23.1. Exons X and Z each contain distinct 3'-untranslated sequences in which are found polyadenylation signals. These data suggest that two different mRNAs are formed by alternative splicing of separate 3' segments onto a common 5' region.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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