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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1989 May;66(5):2023-31.

Effects of priming exercise on VO2 kinetics and O2 deficit at the onset of stepping and cycling.

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Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Centre M├ędical Universitaire, Geneva, Switzerland.


Breath-by-breath O2 uptake (VO2) kinetics and increase of blood lactate concentration (delta Lab) were determined at the onset of square-wave stepping (S) or cycling (C) exercise on six male subjects during 1) transition from rest (R) to constant work load, 2) transition from lower to heavier work loads, wherein the baseline VO2 (VO2 s) was randomly chosen between 20 and 65% of the subjects' maximal O2 uptake (VO2 max), and 3) inverse transition from higher to lower work loads and/or to rest. VO2 differences between starting and arriving levels were 20-60% VO2 max. In C, the VO2 on-response became monotonically slower with increasing VO2 s, the half time (t1/2) increasing from approximately 22 s for VO2 s = R to approximately 63 s when VO2 s approximately equal to 50% VO2 max. In S, the fastest VO2 kinetics (t1/2 = 16 s) was attained from VO2 s = 15-30% VO2 max, the t1/2 being approximately 25 s when starting from R or from 50% VO2 max. The slower VO2 kinetics in C were associated with a much larger delta Lab. The VO2 kinetics in recovery were essentially the same in all cases and could be approximated by a double exponential with t1/2 of 21.3 +/- 6 and 93 +/- 45 s for the fast and slow components, respectively. It is concluded that the O2 deficit incurred is the sum of three terms: 1) O2 stores depletion, 2) O2 equivalent of early lactate production, and 3) O2 equivalent of phosphocreatine breakdown.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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