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Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2016 Nov;43(11):1125-1133. doi: 10.1111/1440-1681.12626.

The CD147/MMP-2 signaling pathway may regulate early stage cardiac remodelling in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guang Dong Pharmaceutical University (School of Clinical Medicine), Guangzhou, China.
2
Department of Internal Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guang Dong Pharmaceutical University (School of Clinical Medicine), Guangzhou, China. zhouwanx2015@sina.com.
3
Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guang Dong Pharmaceutical University (School of Clinical Medicine), Guangzhou, China.
4
Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guang Dong Pharmaceutical University (School of Clinical Medicine), Guangzhou, China.
5
The School of Life Science of Guang Dong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

Previous studies have reported that decreased matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) is associated with early stage (age 8-16 weeks) ventricular remodelling in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). We hypothesized that inhibited CD147/MMP-2 signalling might down-regulate MMP-2 expression and augment remodelling in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Twenty-nine male SHR (8 weeks) were randomly assigned to SHR, CD147, and CD147+DOX groups. The control group included eight age-matched WKY rats. CD147 and CD147+DOX groups received recombinant human CD147 (600 ng/kg in 1.5 mL saline, weekly). The SHR and WKY groups received the vehicle. The CD147+DOX group also received doxycycline, an inhibitor of MMPs (daily, 30 mg/kg in 1.5 mL saline, iG). On day 56 echocardiography and left ventricular mass index (LVWI) measurements were collected and histological sections were stained for cell and collagen content. Myocardium MMP-2, TIMP-1, CD147, and collagens types I and III were estimated by western blot. CD147 and the ratio of MMP-2/TIMP-1 were lower in SHR than WKY rats (P<.05). Myocyte hypertrophy, partial fibre breaks, plasmolysis, necrosis and collagen content (collagen volume fraction [CVF], I and III) in SHR were above control levels (P<.05). CD147 rats showed CD147, MMP-2 and MMP-2/TIMP-1 were increased (P<.05), CVF, LVWI, and collagen I and III were decreased (P<.05) and myocyte morphology was improved. CD147 levels did not differ between CD147+DOX and CD147 groups, CVF, collagens type I and III and partial fiber breaks were more abundant in CD147+DOX (P<.05). In summary, an inhibited CD147/MMP-2 pathway was associated with early stage cardiac remodelling, and CD147 supplementation may attenuate this response.

KEYWORDS:

CD147; matrix metalloproteinase-2; spontaneously hypertensive rats; ventricular remodelling

PMID:
27451961
DOI:
10.1111/1440-1681.12626
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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