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Reproduction. 2016 Sep;152(3):R79-90. doi: 10.1530/REP-15-0595.

Modeling dietary influences on offspring metabolic programming in Drosophila melanogaster.

Author information

1
Department of PediatricsWashington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA.
2
Department of PediatricsWashington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA duncan_j@wustl.edu.

Abstract

The influence of nutrition on offspring metabolism has become a hot topic in recent years owing to the growing prevalence of maternal and childhood obesity. Studies in mammals have identified several factors correlating with parental and early offspring dietary influences on progeny health; however, the molecular mechanisms that underlie these factors remain undiscovered. Mammalian metabolic tissues and pathways are heavily conserved in Drosophila melanogaster, making the fly an invaluable genetic model organism for studying metabolism. In this review, we discuss the metabolic similarities between mammals and Drosophila and present evidence supporting its use as an emerging model of metabolic programming.

PMID:
27450801
PMCID:
PMC4964793
DOI:
10.1530/REP-15-0595
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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