Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Appl Neuropsychol Adult. 2017 Nov-Dec;24(6):505-511. doi: 10.1080/23279095.2016.1209675. Epub 2016 Jul 22.

Prospective and retrospective memory are differentially related to self-rated omission and commission errors in medication adherence in multimorbidity.

Ihle A1,2,3, Inauen J4,5,6,7, Scholz U4,5,6, König C4,6, Holzer B8,5,6, Zimmerli L9,5, Battegay E8,5,6, Tobias R4, Kliegel M1,2,3.

Author information

1
a Department of Psychology , University of Geneva , Geneva , Switzerland.
2
e Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Gerontology and Vulnerability , University of Geneva , Geneva , Switzerland.
3
f Swiss National Center of Competences in Research LIVES-Overcoming Vulnerability: Life Course Perspectives.
4
b Department of Psychology , University of Zurich , Zurich , Switzerland.
5
g Center of Competence Multimorbidity , University of Zurich , Zurich , Switzerland.
6
h University Research Priority Program "Dynamics of Healthy Aging" , University of Zurich , Zurich , Switzerland.
7
i Department of Psychology , Columbia University , New York , USA.
8
c Department of Internal Medicine , University Hospital Zurich , Zurich , Switzerland.
9
d Department of Internal Medicine , Hospital Olten , Olten , Switzerland.

Abstract

We investigated the relations of self-rated omission errors (i.e., forgetting to take one's medication) and commission errors (i.e., unnecessary repetitions of medication intake because of forgetting that it has already been taken) in medication adherence in multimorbidity to prospective and retrospective memory performance. Moreover, we examined whether these relations were moderated by the number of medications that had to be taken. Eighty-four patients with multimorbidity (aged 28-84 years, M = 62.4) reported medication adherence regarding the last seven days and the number of medications they had to take. In addition, we administered psychometric tests on prospective memory (PM) and retrospective memory performance. We found that reported omission errors in medication adherence were related significantly to lower PM performance. This relationship was increased in individuals with a lower number of medications. In comparison, reported commission errors in medication adherence were related significantly to lower retrospective memory performance. This relationship was increased in individuals with a larger number of medications. Present data suggest that omission errors in medication adherence in multimorbidity may reflect primarily PM errors, particularly if few medications have to be taken, while commission errors may reflect mainly retrospective memory failures, especially with a large number of medications that need to be taken as prescribed. From an applied neuropsychological perspective, these results underline the importance of trying to enhance PM and retrospective memory performance in patients with multimorbidity.

KEYWORDS:

Forgetting; medication adherence; multimorbidity; prospective remembering

PMID:
27450575
DOI:
10.1080/23279095.2016.1209675
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center