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Biomed Pharmacother. 2016 Oct;83:548-558. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2016.07.011. Epub 2016 Jul 21.

Bio-fabricated silver nanoparticles preferentially targets Gram positive depending on cell surface charge.

Author information

1
Immunology and Microbiology Laboratory, Department of Human Physiology with Community Health, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore-721 102, West Bengal, India.
2
Department of Chemistry, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
3
Department of Chemistry, University of Calcutta, 92, A. P. C. Road, Kolkata 700 009, India.
4
Immunology and Microbiology Laboratory, Department of Human Physiology with Community Health, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore-721 102, West Bengal, India. Electronic address: sroy.vu@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Recently bio-inspired experimental processes for synthesis of nanoparticles are receiving significant attention in nanobiotechnology. Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have been used very frequently in recent times to the wounds, burns and bacterial infections caused by drug-resistant microorganisms. Though, the antibacterial effects of Ag NPs on some multi drug-resistant bacteria specially against Gram positive bacteria has been established, but further investigation is needed to elicit its effectiveness against Gram negatives and to identify the probable mechanism of action. Thus, the present study was conducted to synthesize Ag NPs using Andrographis paniculata leaf extract and to investigate its antibacterial efficacy. After synthesis process the biosynthesized nanoparticles were purified and characterized with the help of various physical measurement techniques which raveled their purity, stability and small size range. The antimicrobial activity of Ag NPs was determined against both Gram-positive Enterococcus faecalis and Gram-negative Proteus vulgaris. Results showed comparatively higher antibacterial efficacy of Ag NPs against Gram positive Enterococcus faecalis strains. It was found that greater difference in zeta potential values between Gram positive bacteria and Ag NPs triggers better internalization of the particles. Thus the cell surface charge played vital role in cell killing which was confirmed by surface zeta potential study. Finally it may be concluded that green synthesized Ag NPs using Andrographis paniculata leaf extract can be very useful against both multi drug resistant Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

KEYWORDS:

Andrographis paniculata; Antibacterial activity; Green synthesis; Silver nanoparticles; Zeta potential

PMID:
27449536
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopha.2016.07.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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