Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 Oct;46(10):3232-41. doi: 10.1007/s10803-016-2866-6.

The Role of Attention in Somatosensory Processing: A Multi-trait, Multi-method Analysis.

Author information

1
Center for Autism and Related Disorders, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 3901 Greenspring Avenue, Baltimore, MD, 21211, USA. wodka@kennedykrieger.org.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolf St., Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA. wodka@kennedykrieger.org.
3
Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolf St., Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.
4
F.M. Kirby Center for Functional Brain Imaging, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 801 N. Broadway St., Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.
5
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolf St., Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.
6
Department of Neuropsychology, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 1750 E. Fairmount Ave., Baltimore, MD, 21231, USA.
7
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.
8
Center for Autism and Related Disorders, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 3901 Greenspring Avenue, Baltimore, MD, 21211, USA.
9
Center for Neurodevelopmental and Imaging Research, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 716 N. Broadway St., Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.
10
Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolf St., Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.

Abstract

Sensory processing abnormalities in autism have largely been described by parent report. This study used a multi-method (parent-report and measurement), multi-trait (tactile sensitivity and attention) design to evaluate somatosensory processing in ASD. Results showed multiple significant within-method (e.g., parent report of different traits)/cross-trait (e.g., attention and tactile sensitivity) correlations, suggesting that parent-reported tactile sensory dysfunction and performance-based tactile sensitivity describe different behavioral phenomena. Additionally, both parent-reported tactile functioning and performance-based tactile sensitivity measures were significantly associated with measures of attention. Findings suggest that sensory (tactile) processing abnormalities in ASD are multifaceted, and may partially reflect a more global deficit in behavioral regulation (including attention). Challenges of relying solely on parent-report to describe sensory difficulties faced by children/families with ASD are also highlighted.

KEYWORDS:

Attention; Autism; Sensory processing; Somatosensory; Vibrotactile

PMID:
27448580
PMCID:
PMC5042870
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-016-2866-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center