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Phys Med Biol. 2016 Aug 7;61(15):5868-82. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/61/15/5868. Epub 2016 Jul 22.

Fast reconstruction of low dose proton CT by sinogram interpolation.

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Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44, building 5, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.


Proton computed tomography (CT) has been demonstrated as a promising image modality in particle therapy planning. It can reduce errors in particle range calculations and consequently improve dose calculations. Obtaining a high imaging resolution has traditionally required computationally expensive iterative reconstruction techniques to account for the multiple scattering of the protons. Recently, techniques for direct reconstruction have been developed, but these require a higher imaging dose than the iterative methods. No previous work has compared the image quality of the direct and the iterative methods. In this article, we extend the methodology for direct reconstruction to be applicable for low imaging doses and compare the obtained results with three state-of-the-art iterative algorithms. We find that the direct method yields comparable resolution and image quality to the iterative methods, even at 1 mSv dose levels, while yielding a twentyfold speedup in reconstruction time over previously published iterative algorithms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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