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J Clin Apher. 2017 Aug;32(4):215-223. doi: 10.1002/jca.21486. Epub 2016 Jul 21.

Extracorporeal photopheresis practice patterns: An international survey by the ASFA ECP subcommittee.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH.
2
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.
3
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.
4
Department of Pediatrics, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY.
5
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ.
6
Department of Pathology, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI.
7
Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO.
8
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA.
9
Department of Pathology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL.
10
American Red Cross, St. Paul, MN.
11
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN.
12
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY.
13
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.
14
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ.
15
Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Warsaw, Poland.
16
Departments of Pediatrics and Pathology, George Washington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC.
17
Department of Pediatrics, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Chicago, IL.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although many apheresis centers offer extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP), little is known about current treatment practices.

METHODS:

An electronic survey was distributed to assess ECP practice internationally.

RESULTS:

Of 251 responses, 137 met criteria for analysis. Most respondents were from North America (80%). Nurses perform ECP at most centers (84%) and the majority of centers treat adults only (52%). Most centers treat fewer than 50 patients/year (83%) and perform fewer than 300 procedures/year (70%). Closed system devices (XTS and/or Cellex) are used to perform ECP at most centers (96%). The most common indications for ECP are acute/chronic skin graft versus host disease (89%) and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (63%). The typical wait time for ECP treatment is less than 2 weeks (91%). Most centers do not routinely perform quality control assessment of the collected product (66%). There are device-specific differences in treatment parameters. For example, XTS users more frequently have a minimum weight limit (P = 0.003) and use laboratory parameters to determine eligibility for treatment (P = 0.03). Regardless of device used, the majority of centers assess the clinical status of the patient before each procedure. Greater than 50% of respondents would defer treatment for hemodynamic instability due to active sepsis or heart failure, positive blood culture in the past 24 h or current fever.

CONCLUSION:

This survey based study describes current ECP practices. Further research to provide evidence for optimal standardization of patient qualifications, procedure parameters and product quality assessment is recommended.

KEYWORDS:

apheresis; extracorporeal photopheresis; therapeutic apheresis

PMID:
27442906
DOI:
10.1002/jca.21486
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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