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Dev Biol. 1989 Aug;134(2):307-16.

Mutations that disrupt the morphogenesis and localization of a sperm-specific organelle in Caenorhabditis elegans.

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Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Embryology, Baltimore, Maryland 21210.


Nematode sperm contain unusual organelles, membranous organelles, which undergo dramatic morphological changes during spermatogenesis. Early in spermatogenesis, the membranous organelle functions to transport sperm specific components to the spermatids; later, during the formation of the crawling spermatozoa, it adds new components to the cell surface as it fuses with the plasma membrane. Genetic analysis of spermatogenesis in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has revealed mutations that specifically disrupt the proper cellular localization and morphogenesis of this organelle. In animals homozygous for the either the known deficiency hcDf1 or the probable deficiency h12, the membranes of the membranous organelles are aberrantly covered with ribosomes. A mutation in the spermatogenesis-defective spe-10 gene causes severe defects in the morphogenesis of a fibrous body-membranous organelle complex. In both cases, these mutations also disrupt the proper localization of both nuclei and membranous organelles in haploid spermatids and spermatozoa.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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