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Dev Biol. 1989 Aug;134(2):297-306.

In vitro and in vivo studies reveal that hamster oocyte meiotic arrest is maintained only transiently by follicular fluid, but persistently by membrana/cumulus granulosa cell contact.

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1
Department of Zoology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287-1501.

Abstract

Studies were carried out with the golden Syrian hamster to investigate the capacity of follicular fluid to maintain oocyte meiotic arrest and to determine the importance of cumulus-membrana granulosa cell contact in the regulation of meiotic status. The follicular fluid studies were conducted by cytological assessment of meiotic stage up to 6 hr after transferring cumulus-free oocytes into antra of explanted "host" follicles in vitro or into follicles of anesthetized animals prior to the gonadotropin surge at proestrus in vivo. The cumulus-membrana granulosa contact studies were undertaken with explanted follicles in which the oocyte-cumulus complex was dislodged from the underlying membrana granulosa, released into the antrum, and subsequently allowed to reestablish contact during 6 hr of incubation within the follicle. The extent of recontact of the dislodged complex with the underlying membrana granulosa was assessed visually at the end of incubation and was classified as close, moderate, or none. These various degrees of contact typically involved the following number of cumulus cells, as determined by serial sectioning of a representative sample of follicles after dislodgement and subsequent incubation: close, 32.7 +/- 1.78; moderate, 9.0 +/- 2.1; and no contact, 0. After 6 hr of incubation either in vitro or in vivo, few transferred oocytes remained at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage (18.8 +/- 8.7 and 17.3 +/- 4.0% GV, respectively). However, time course experiments revealed that meiotic resumption was significantly delayed in transferred oocytes compared with either liberated oocytes, spontaneously maturing oocytes, or follicle-enclosed oocytes induced to mature by luteinizing hormone in vitro (after 4 hr, transferred, 31.3 +/- 6.0% GV; liberated, 0% GV; follicle-enclosed, 0% GV; after 6 hr, 0% transferred oocytes exhibited a GV). In the dislodgement studies, after 6 hr of incubation, 26% of complexes reestablished close contact with the underlying membrana granulosa, 67% showed moderate contact, while 7% revealed no contact. There was a significant increase in the percentage GV stage oocytes as the extent of recontact increased (no contact, 21.9 +/- 3.6% GV; moderate contact, 56.6 +/- 6.8% GV; close contact, 87.5 +/- 14.4% GV). These data argue in favor of a stringent control of hamster oocyte meiotic status by the follicle cell/oocyte syncytium and against the possibility that follicular fluid is independently responsible for maintaining meiotic arrest.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

PMID:
2744234
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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