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Eur J Cell Biol. 1989 Apr;48(2):353-9.

The influence of pH on the vesicular traffic to the surface of the polarized epithelial cell, MDCK.

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Abteilung Molekulare Genetik der Universit├Ąt, Frankfurt am Main/Bundesrepublik Deutschland.


The effect of pH on the secretion of the gp 80 glycoprotein complex and lysozyme from MDCK cells was examined by treatment of the cells with either NH4Cl, chloroquine or monensin. In untreated cells gp 80 is sorted with approximately 75% efficiency into the apical pathway. Lysozyme is secreted in a nonpolar fashion at both cell surfaces. Treatment of the cells with the drugs had nearly identical effects on the transport kinetics and on the ratio of the proteins released at the two plasma membrane domains. At increasing drug concentrations, the transport of both proteins to the apical and the basolateral cell surface was equally retarded. Furthermore, we observed a dose-dependent decrease in the amount of gp 80 and lysozyme released at the basolateral cell surface, which was accompanied by a nearly equivalent increase in the secretion of the two proteins at the apical plasma membrane domain. A twofold rise in the apical to basolateral ratio was already found at drug concentrations which only marginally affected the kinetics of transport. These results show that an increase in intravesicular pH not only redirects secretory proteins sorted into the basolateral pathway (Caplan et al. Nature, 329, 632 (1987] but also secretory proteins devoid of sorting information for that pathway, presumably by modulating the vesicular traffic to the basolateral cell surface.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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