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J Altern Complement Med. 2016 Oct;22(10):794-799. Epub 2016 Jul 20.

Changes in Regional Brain Homogeneity Induced by Electro-Acupuncture Stimulation at the Baihui Acupoint in Healthy Subjects: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.

Author information

1
1 Department of Radiology, Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine , Nanning, China .
2
2 Life Science Research Center, School of Life Science and Technology, Xidian University , Xi'an, China .
3
3 Department of Acupuncture, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine , Nanning, China .

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

According to the Traditional Chinese Medicine theory of acupuncture, Baihui (GV20) is applied to treat neurological and psychiatric disorders. However, the relationships between neural responses and GV20 remain unknown. Thus, the main aim of this study was to examine the brain responses induced by electro-acupuncture stimulation (EAS) at GV20.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was performed in 33 healthy subjects. Based on the non-repeated event-related (NRER) paradigm, group differences were examined between GV20 and a sham acupoint using the regional homogeneity (ReHo) method.

RESULTS:

Compared with the sham acupoint, EAS at GV20 induced increased ReHo in regions including the orbital frontal cortex (OFC), middle cingulate cortex (MCC), precentral cortex, and precuneus (preCUN). Decreased ReHo was found in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), supplementary motor area (SMA), thalamus, putamen, and cerebellum.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current findings provide preliminary neuroimaging evidence to indicate that EAS at GV20 could induce a specific pattern of neural responses by analysis of ReHo of brain activity. These findings might improve the understanding of mechanisms of acupuncture stimulation at GV20.

KEYWORDS:

Baihui; acupuncture; functional magnetic resonance imaging; regional homogeneity

PMID:
27438091
DOI:
10.1089/acm.2015.0286
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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