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Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2016 Dec;67(8):1024-9. doi: 10.1080/09637486.2016.1210101. Epub 2016 Jul 19.

Adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and risk of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

Author information

1
a Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology , National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran ;
2
b Liver and Pancreatobiliary Diseases Research Group , Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Abstract

This case-control study was conducted to examine the association between adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and risk of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) development in 102 patients with newly diagnosed NAFLD and 204 controls. Adherence to DASH-style diet was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire, and a DASH diet score based on food and nutrients emphasized or minimized in the DASH diet. Participants in the top quartile of DASH diet score were 30% less likely to have NAFLD (OR: 0.0.70; 95% CI: 0.61, 0.80); however, more adjustment for dyslipidemia and body mass index changed the association to non-significant (OR: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.73, 1.12). In conclusion, we found an inverse relationship between the DASH-style diet and risk of NAFLD. Prospective studies are needed to confirm this association.

KEYWORDS:

DASH diet; Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension; NAFLD; NASH; case–control; diet; fatty liver

PMID:
27436528
DOI:
10.1080/09637486.2016.1210101
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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