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Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2016 Aug;28(8):765-8. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-4352.2016.08.022.

[Research progress of cell co-culture method].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Institute for Geriatrics, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450046, Henan, China (Qin YQ, Li JS); Experimental Center of Molecular Biology, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450046, Henan, China (Chen YL). Corresponding author: Chen Yulong, Email: cyl72621@163.com.

Abstract

Cell culture technology is the most commonly used method in the in vitro experiments at present. However, monolayer cell culture technology has been unable to meet the demand of the researchers. This is because that monolayer cell culture cannot mimic the cellular environment in which multiple cells interact with each other in the body. We cannot discuss the relationship of many cells, because we do not know the relationship between cells through a single kind of cell. So cell co-culture medicine arises at the historic moment for the demand. With the development of research method in recent years, cell co-culture method also has been improved in practice: from direct contact co-cultures to indirect contact co-cultures, from two-dimensional co-cultures to three-dimensional co-cultures. Cell co-culture method is closer to the human body. It is also more advantageous to study the interaction among cells. Nowadays, there are more researchers tend to select this method to study the physiological and pathological in vitro model, tissue engineering, and cell differentiation research. At the same time, it has become the focus of drug research and development, drug analysis, mechanism of drug action, and drug targets. This article will review the studies of cell co-culture method, summarize advantages and disadvantages of various methods, so as to promote improvement of cell culture methods, to build cells co-culture system that more close to human body, and build the in vitro model that simulate internal circulation of human body further.

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