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PLoS One. 2016 Jul 19;11(7):e0158880. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158880. eCollection 2016.

Association of Renalase SNPs rs2296545 and rs2576178 with the Risk of Hypertension: A Meta-Analysis.

Lv YB1,2, Wang Y1,2, Ma WG1,2, Yan DY1,2, Zheng WL1,2, Chu C1,2, Guo TS1,2, Yuan ZY1,2, Mu JJ1,2.

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Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
Key Laboratory of Molecular Cardiology of Shaanxi Province, Xi'an, China.



Two renalase single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs2296545 and rs2576178 have been reported to be associated with the susceptibility to hypertension (HT). Given the inconsistent results, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess the association between these two SNPs and the risk of HT.


Electronic databases were systematically searched to find relevant studies. Subgroup analysis was conducted according to the different concomitant diseases and ethnicities in the study population. Pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using fixed-effect or random-effect models.


A total of six case-control studies on rs2296545 and six studies on rs2576178 were included. In the combined analysis, results showed a significant association between SNP rs2296545 and risk of HT in all genetic models (dominant model CG+CC/GG: OR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.24-1.65; recessive model CC/CG+GG: OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.09-1.69; codominant model CC/GG: OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 1.20-2.20, CG/GG: OR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.12-1.52; allelic model C/G: OR = 1.29, 95% CI = 1.10-1.51). In subgroup analysis, we observed a significant association between rs2296545 and risk of essential HT. Although we did not observe an association between rs2576178 polymorphism and HT in the combined analysis, an increased risk was observed in the essential HT patients versus healthy controls (subgroup 1) analysis under the dominant, recessive, and codominant genetic models.


Renalase gene rs2296545 polymorphism is significantly associated with increased risk of HT, whereas rs2576178 polymorphism may not be associated with the susceptibility to HT.

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