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Br Poult Sci. 1989 Mar;30(1):23-37.

Air hygiene in a broiler house: comparison of deep litter with raised netting floors.

Author information

1
Department of Animal Husbandry, University of Bristol, Langford, England.

Abstract

1. Deep litter and raised netting flooring systems in broiler houses were compared for their effects on air quality and bird health during an 8-week growing period. 2. Weekly measurements were taken of respirable dust, numbers of airborne microorganisms and concentrations of gaseous pollutants. Airborne fungi and bacteria were identified to species. 3. At the end of the experimental period, randomly sampled bird lungs were examined for the presence of viable microorganisms and for pathological changes. Bird health and performance were monitored throughout the 8 weeks. 4. Respirable dust concentrations and numbers of airborne microorganisms were significantly higher in the litter rooms. The type of floor had no effect on concentrations of gaseous ammonia. 5. Floor type had no significant effect on bird mortality but birds on litter had a slightly better gain:food ratio. However, birds on litter were observed to have a higher incidence of lung damage and more of the birds on litter had viable microorganisms present in the lungs at necropsy.

PMID:
2743174
DOI:
10.1080/00071668908417122
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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