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Luminescence. 2017 May;32(3):327-333. doi: 10.1002/bio.3182. Epub 2016 Jul 19.

Synthesis, characterization and luminescence of europium perchlorate with MABA-Si complex and coating structure SiO2 @Eu(MABA-Si) luminescence nanoparticles.

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College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot, People's Republic of China.
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region food inspection test center, Hohhot, People's Republic of China.


This article reports a novel category of coating structure SiO2 @Eu(MABA-Si) luminescence nanoparticles (NPs) consisting of a unique organic shell, composed of perchlorate europium(III) complex, and an inorganic core, composed of silica. The binary complex Eu(MABA-Si)3 ·(ClO4 )3 ·5H2 O was synthesized using HOOCC6 H4 N(CONH(CH2 )3 Si(OCH2 CH3 )3 )2 (MABA-Si) and was used as a ligand. Furthermore, the as-prepared silica NPs were successfully coated with the -Si(OCH2 CH3 )3 group of MABA-Si to form Si-O-Si chemical bonds by means of the hydrolyzation of MABA-Si. The binary complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity and coordination titration analysis. The results indicated that the composition of the binary complex was Eu(MABA-Si)3 ·(ClO4 )3 ·5H2 O. Coating structure SiO2 @Eu(MABA-Si) NPs were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and infrared (IR) spectra. Based on the SEM and TEM measurements, the diameter of core-SiO2 particles was ~400 and 600 nm, and the thickness of the cladding layer Eu(MABA-Si) was ~20 nm. In the binary complex Eu(MABA-Si)3 ·(ClO4 )3 ·5H2 O, the fluorescence spectra illustrated that the energy of the ligand MABA-Si transferred to the energy level for the excitation state of europium(III) ion. Coating structure SiO2 @Eu(MABA-Si) NPs exhibited intense red luminescence compared with the binary complex. The fluorescence lifetime and fluorescence quantum efficiency of the binary complex and of the coating structure NPs were also calculated. The way in which the size of core-SiO2 spheres influences the luminescence was also studied. Moreover, the luminescent mechanisms of the complex were studied and explained.


3-(N,N-bis-3-(triethoxysilyl)propylamide)-benzoic-acid (MABA-Si); RE3+; SiO2@Eu(MABA-Si); fluorescence; nanoparticles

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