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Explore (NY). 2016 Sep-Oct;12(5):325-32. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2016.06.005. Epub 2016 Jun 21.

Yoga Training Has Positive Effects on Postural Balance and Its Influence on Activities of Daily Living in People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Pilot Study.

Author information

1
Adaptive Physical Activity Study Departments, College of Physical Education, State University of Campinas, Av. Érico Veríssimo, 701, Cidade Universitária "Zeferino Vaz," Barão Geraldo, Campinas, SP 13083-851, Brazil. Electronic address: gersonyoga@gmail.com.
2
Adaptive Physical Activity Study Departments, College of Physical Education, State University of Campinas, Av. Érico Veríssimo, 701, Cidade Universitária "Zeferino Vaz," Barão Geraldo, Campinas, SP 13083-851, Brazil.
3
Sports Center, University of São Paulo (CEPE-USP), Praça 2, Prof. Rubião Meira, 61, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP 05508-110, Brazil.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

There is a little evidence about the influence of yoga as a complementary therapy for postural balance and its influence on activities of daily living in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the influence of a six-month yoga program on postural balance and subjective impact of postural balance impairment on activities of daily living in people with MS.

DESIGN:

Randomized controlled pilot study.

SETTING:

Protocol developed at the Adaptive Physical Activity Study Department, College of Physical Education, State University of Campinas, Brazil.

SUBJECTS:

A total of 12 (11 women) yoga naive people with MS randomly divided into two groups as follows: Control (C-waiting list, n = 6) and Yoga (Y-Yoga training, n = 6).

INTERVENTIONS:

Yoga group practiced postures, breathing exercises, meditation, and relaxation on weekly 60-min classes for a six-month period.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The following evaluations were performed at study entry (baseline), and after six months (six months): Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), and self-reported postural balance quality and influence of postural balance on activities of daily living.

RESULTS:

There was a significant improvement in BBS score from baseline to six months only in the Yoga group, especially in subjects with higher EDSS score, with increased quality of self-reported postural balance, and decreased influence of postural balance impairment on activities of daily living. In conclusion, a six-month yoga training is beneficial for people with MS, since it improves postural balance and decreases the influence of postural balance impairment on activities of daily living. A greater sample size is necessary to increase generalization, but it seems that yoga could be included as a feasible complementary therapy for people with MS.

KEYWORDS:

hatha yoga; meditation; multiple sclerosis; postural balance; pranayama

PMID:
27426024
DOI:
10.1016/j.explore.2016.06.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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