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Percept Mot Skills. 2016 Feb;122(1):336-49. doi: 10.1177/0031512516631056. Epub 2016 Feb 1.

Relationship Between Resilience and Coping Strategies in Competitive Sport.

Author information

1
Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED) and Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of León, Spain.
2
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain.
3
Department of Physical Education, Sports and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain.
4
Department of Physical Education, Sports and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain smarr@unileon.es.

Abstract

Resilience is important in sport performers to withstand the pressure they experience. This study analyzed the relationship among resilient qualities and coping strategies in 235 Spanish athletes (126 males, 109 females; M age = 20.7 yr) who practiced different sports (79.1% team sports, 20.9% individual sports). They were evaluated at the beginning of the last competitive mesocycle and after an important competition. Coping strategies and level of resilient qualities were measured by the Coping Inventory for Competitive Sport and the Resilience Scale. There was no significant difference in resilience scores between evaluations performed during the last mesocycle or competition. A significant increase occurred in the scores for emotion-oriented and distraction-oriented coping during competition. Resilience scores correlated positively to task-oriented coping and negatively to disengagement- and distraction-oriented coping during both periods. Analysis of variance indicated that athletes with high individual resilient qualities reached higher scores in task-oriented coping, using to a lower extent disengagement- and distraction-oriented coping. Results obtained suggest that resilient characteristics may associate in athletes to the use of more potentially adaptative coping strategies.

KEYWORDS:

competitive sport; coping strategies; resilience

PMID:
27420325
DOI:
10.1177/0031512516631056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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