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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Aug;64(8):1651-5. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14246. Epub 2016 Jul 15.

Is This Broken Bone Because of Abuse? Characteristics and Comorbid Diagnoses in Older Adults with Fractures.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Alhambra, California.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the relationship between individual characteristics and potential correlates of elder abuse in older adults who present with fractures.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis of deidentified data extracted from medical records.

SETTING:

Academic medical center.

PARTICIPANTS:

Individuals aged 65 and with a primary diagnosis of any fracture admitted to an outpatient department or emergency department (ED) in a single southern California medical center over a 36-month period (N = 652).

MEASUREMENTS:

Participant characteristics included demographic characteristics, number of medical visits, and point of service. Corresponding International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes, E-codes, and V-codes were extracted to identify cause, location, and type of fracture. The presence of 13 potential correlates of abuse as captured by ICD-9 codes were extracted and summed. Descriptive statistics and regression models were used for analyses.

RESULTS:

Mean age of participants was 77.2, 58% were female (58%), 60% were white (60%), and 46% had one or more potential correlates of abuse. In bivariate analyses, older age (≥80), dementia, seeking care in the ED (vs inpatient or outpatient clinics), only one visit to a medical facility (vs multiple visits) in the 36-month study period, cause of fracture as something other than a fall, and fractures of the head or face were more likely to have at least one correlate of abuse. In logistic regression, dementia (B = 0.794, standard error (SE) = 0.280); seeking care in the ED (vs outpatient or outpatient clinics) (B = 1.86, SE = 0.302); at least two visits to a medical facility (vs multiple visits) (B = -0.585, SE = 0.343); and fracture of the back (B = 0.730, SE = 0.289), head (B = 1.22, SE = 0.333), and face (B = 1.28, SE = 0.474) were associated with the presence of at least one correlate of abuse.

CONCLUSION:

Certain characteristics in older adults with fracture are associated with potential correlates of abuse. Medical practitioners should have a heightened awareness when these signs are present.

KEYWORDS:

elder abuse; elder mistreatment; fractures; neglect

PMID:
27418043
PMCID:
PMC5926181
DOI:
10.1111/jgs.14246
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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