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Horm Res Paediatr. 2016;86(2):90-93. Epub 2016 Jul 15.

Splicing Defects in the AAAS Gene Leading to both Exon Skipping and Partial Intron Retention in a Tunisian Patient with Allgrove Syndrome.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Human Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Medicine of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Allgrove syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the triad of adrenal insufficiency, achalasia, and alacrima. This syndrome is caused by mutations in the AAAS gene. A major splice site mutation c.1331+1G>A was found previously in North African families affected by Allgrove syndrome. In this study, we analyzed in vivo and in silico the effect of this mutation on the splicing process.

METHODS:

Using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, sequencing and bioinformatics tools, we analyzed all transcripts produced by the AAAS gene containing this splice site mutation.

RESULTS:

The altered splicing of mRNA produces two aberrant transcripts: one with exon 14 skipping, the other with concurrent exon 14 skipping and retention of 99 bp of intron 14, both outcomes resulting in frameshifts with a new stop codon generation in the untranslated region of the last exon. Using in silico bioinformatics tools, we demonstrated that this mutation abolishes the splice donor site of exon 14 and activates a new intronic cryptic splice site in intron 14.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrated that a single splicing mutation affects the AAAS transcripts and consequently the ALADIN protein structure and function.

PMID:
27414811
DOI:
10.1159/000446539
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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