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BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 Jul 13;17:280. doi: 10.1186/s12891-016-1120-x.

Preoperative planning for implant placement with consideration of pelvic tilt in total hip arthroplasty: postoperative efficacy evaluation.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yokohama City University, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan. yute0131@med.yokohama-cu.ac.jp.
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yokohama City University, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In total hip arthroplasty (THA), tilting of the pelvis alters the cup placement angles. Thus, the cup angles need to be planned with consideration of the effects of pelvic tilt. In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of preoperative planning for implant placement with consideration of pelvic tilt in THA, and the accuracy of a CT-based computer navigation for implant positioning.

METHODS:

We examined 75 hips of 75 patients who underwent THA and were followed-up for one year postoperatively. The patients were divided into three groups (anterior, intermediate, posterior tilt) according to their preoperative pelvic tilt. Preoperative planning for implant placement was made with consideration of pelvic tilt and a CT-based navigation was used to execute the preoperative planning. Cup inclination, cup anteversion, and combined anteversion (CA) in supine and standing positions were examined 1 year after THA. The accuracy of the computer navigation was also examined.

RESULTS:

Mean CA was 35.0 ± 5.8° in supine position and 39.3 ± 5.7° in standing position. CA did not differ among the three subgroups (anterior, intermediate, posterior tilt) in either supine or standing position, indicating implant placements to be equally effective. The desired CA (37.3°) was midway between those in supine and standing positions for each subgroup. Respective mean absolute errors between preoperative planning and postoperative CT measurement was 5.3 ± 5.2° for CA.

CONCLUSION:

We obtained favorable THA results with preoperative planning with consideration of pelvic tilt by demonstrating supine and standing CA to be unaffected by preoperative pelvic tilt one year postoperatively. Mean absolute error of CA between preoperative planning and postoperative measurement was 5° with use of the CT-based navigation.

KEYWORDS:

Computer navigation; Implant position; Pelvic tilt; Preoperative planning; Total hip arthroplasty

PMID:
27412447
PMCID:
PMC4944317
DOI:
10.1186/s12891-016-1120-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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