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Clin Transplant. 2016 Sep;30(9):1140-5. doi: 10.1111/ctr.12800. Epub 2016 Aug 3.

Key donor factors associated with graft loss among liver transplant recipients with human immunodeficiency virus.

Author information

1
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (CLINURSID), Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
3
Department of Medicine, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
4
Department of Surgery, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
5
Department of Medicine, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. norah.terrault@ucsf.edu.
6
Department of Surgery, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. norah.terrault@ucsf.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected liver transplant (LT) recipients have higher risk of graft loss than HIV-uninfected recipients. As the original donor risk index excluded HIV-positive patients, donor factors associated with graft loss in HIV-positive recipients are unknown.

METHODS:

Identifying all HIV-positive patients in the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, supplemented by all HIV-infected patients in the solid organ transplantation in HIV: Multi-Site Study (HIV-TR), we evaluated donor factors associated with graft loss among HIV-positive recipients transplanted between March 2002 and August 2012.

RESULTS:

A total of 249 HIV-positive LT recipients were followed for median 2.4 (interquartile range [IQR]: 0.8-4.9) years. In univariate analysis, donor diabetes (HR=2.09; P=.002) and donor hypertension (HR=1.43; P=.048) were significantly associated with graft loss, and African-American (AA) recipient:non-AA donor race mismatch (HR=1.60; P=.07), other cause of donor death compared to trauma (HR=2.02; P=.09), and donor age 30 years or older (HR=1.53; P=.05) were of borderline significance. In multivariate analysis, donor diabetes (HR=2.12; 95% CI: 1.33-3.38; P=.002) was the only significant predictor of graft loss.

CONCLUSION:

In HIV-positive LT recipients, risk of graft loss is strongly influenced by donor diabetes. This information may be useful to transplant physicians seeking to optimize overall graft survival in their HIV-positive LT recipients.

KEYWORDS:

diabetes; donor age; donor risk index; race mismatch; survival

PMID:
27411037
PMCID:
PMC5287417
DOI:
10.1111/ctr.12800
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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