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J Forensic Sci. 2016 Jan;61 Suppl 1:S140-3. doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12998. Epub 2015 Dec 22.

A Long-term Study of the Association between the Relative Poverty Rate and Suicide Rate in Japan.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Shimane, Japan.
2
Department of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Shimane, Japan.
3
Department of Legal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan.
4
Shimane University Health Service Center Izumo, Shimane, Japan.
5
Department of Clinical Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Shimane, Japan.
6
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Shimane, Japan.
7
Michinoo Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan.
8
Tokyo Metropolitan Matsuzawa Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
9
Tokyo Medical Examiner's Office, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

The annual number of suicides in Japan totaled around 23,000 in 1997 and abruptly increased to around 31,000 in 1998. This figure has remained high since then. This abrupt increase in the number of suicides was primarily due to an increase in suicides occasioned by economic concerns. The association between various economic factors and suicide must be studied in detail and over the long term in order to ascertain the association between economic concerns and suicide. This study examined the relative poverty rate and the suicide rate in Japan over 30 years and discussed the association between those two rates. The results suggest that the relative poverty rate may be associated with the suicide rate for both sexes. This association is true for men in particular. The organizations and professionals involved in implementing suicide prevention measures should be cognizant of the current findings and consider formulating additional specific measures.

KEYWORDS:

Japan; association; forensic science; poverty; study; suicide

PMID:
27405019
DOI:
10.1111/1556-4029.12998
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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