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Neurobiol Dis. 2016 Nov;95:35-45. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2016.07.005. Epub 2016 Jul 9.

In vivo imaging reveals impaired connectivity across cortical and subcortical networks in a mouse model of DYT1 dystonia.

Author information

1
Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
2
Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
3
Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
4
Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: vcourt@ufl.edu.

Abstract

Developing in vivo functional and structural neuroimaging assays in Dyt1 ΔGAG heterozygous knock-in (Dyt1 KI) mice provide insight into the pathophysiology underlying DYT1 dystonia. In the current study, we examined in vivo functional connectivity of large-scale cortical and subcortical networks in Dyt1 KI mice and wild-type (WT) controls using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and an independent component analysis. In addition, using diffusion MRI we examined how structural integrity across the basal ganglia and cerebellum directly relates to impairments in functional connectivity. Compared to WT mice, Dyt1 KI mice revealed increased functional connectivity across the striatum, thalamus, and somatosensory cortex; and reduced functional connectivity in the motor and cerebellar cortices. Further, Dyt1 KI mice demonstrated elevated free-water (FW) in the striatum and cerebellum compared to WT mice, and increased FW was correlated with impairments in functional connectivity across basal ganglia, cerebellum, and sensorimotor cortex. The current study provides the first in vivo MRI-based evidence in support of the hypothesis that the deletion of a 3-base pair (ΔGAG) sequence in the Dyt1 gene encoding torsinA has network level effects on in vivo functional connectivity and microstructural integrity across the sensorimotor cortex, basal ganglia, and cerebellum.

KEYWORDS:

DYT1 dystonia; Diffusion MRI; Free-water; Functional MRI; Functional connectivity

PMID:
27404940
PMCID:
PMC5010949
DOI:
10.1016/j.nbd.2016.07.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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