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Scientifica (Cairo). 2016;2016:4275148. doi: 10.1155/2016/4275148. Epub 2016 Jun 15.

Nutritional Status and Anthropometric Indices in High School Girls in Ilam, West Iran.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
2
Department of Food and Drug, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam 7419654459, Iran.
3
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran; Prevention of Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
4
Prevention of Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran; Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
5
Psychiatry Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adolescence is one of the most challenging periods for human growth and nutritional status. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status and anthropometric indices in high school girls in Ilam.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study was performed on 360 domestic high school girl students chosen randomly by cluster sampling. Data were gathered through interviews performed by a dietitian to fill 24-hour dietary recall and food frequency and demographic questionnaires. Then we performed the anthropometric measurements and we compared the results with CDC2000 standards. We analyzed our data by N4 food analyzer and SPSS16 software.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of obesity and overweight was 5% and 10.8%, respectively. Simultaneously, the prevalence of underweight was 20.2%. The prevalence of stunting was 5.8%. We also showed that 50% of high school girls in Ilam suffered from severe food insecurity, 14.7% suffered from mild insecurity, and 4.7% get extra energy from foods. Food analysis showed that micronutrients such as zinc, iron, calcium, folate, fiber, magnesium, and vitamin B12 were less than what is recommended by the RDA.

CONCLUSION:

Undernutrition and overnutrition are completely prevalent among girls studied in Ilam. This needs further acts and investigations in the field and more nutritional and health educations.

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