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Oman Med J. 2016 Jul;31(4):258-62. doi: 10.5001/omj.2016.51.

Psychiatric Disorders in Children and Adolescents Attending Pediatric Out Patient Departments of Tertiary Hospitals.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Combined Military Hospital, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
2
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
3
Department of Adult Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Psychiatric disorders are increasingly recognized among children and adolescents in Bangladesh. Psychiatric disorders are more common in children with chronic and acute pediatric disorders. Our study was designed to determine the psychiatric disorders among children and adolescents attending pediatric outpatient departments of tertiary care hospitals.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study was carried out from July 2012 to February 2013 in pediatric outpatient departments of three prime tertiary level hospitals of Dhaka, Bangladesh. A purposive sampling technique was used. A total of 240 male and female children aged 5 to 16 years old were included in the study. We used a semi-structured questionnaire to obtain sociodemographic and other relevant clinical information about the children and their families from their parents or caregivers and a validated parent version of the Bangla Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) for measuring psychopathology.

RESULTS:

The mean age of the children was 9.0± 2.6 years. The majority (71%) of children were in the 5-10 year age group. The male/female ratio was 1.2:1. Among the respondents, 18% were found to have a psychiatric disorder. Behavioral disorders, emotional disorders, and developmental disorders were found in 9.0%, 15.0% and 0.4% respectively. Hyperkinetic disorder was the single most frequent (5.0%) psychiatric disorder.

CONCLUSIONS:

A significant number of children were found to have psychiatric disorders. Our study indicates the importance of identification and subsequent management of psychiatric conditions among the pediatric population.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Children; Mental Disorders; Outpatient Care

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