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Ophthalmologe. 2016 Aug;113(8):715-28. doi: 10.1007/s00347-016-0304-y.

[Differentiation of ocular hypertension].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Augenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Langenbeckstr. 1, 55131, Mainz, Deutschland. ehoffman@uni-mainz.de.
2
Augenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Langenbeckstr. 1, 55131, Mainz, Deutschland. julia.lamparter@unimedizin-mainz.de.
3
BAG Dres. Stiasny und Lamparter, Echterdinger Str. 9, 70771, Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Deutschland. julia.lamparter@unimedizin-mainz.de.

Abstract

The term ocular hypertension has been used for more than 30 years. It is defined as an elevated intraocular pressure above the statistical norm without detectable optic nerve head or visual field damage. The number of patients with ocular hypertension in Germany is estimated to be approximately 3-5 million. Increased intraocular pressure is a risk factor for conversion to primary open-angle glaucoma. Most patients with ocular hypertension (and no risk factors) can be followed on a regular basis without any treatment. Each visit should include measurement of intraocular pressure, optic nerve head examination with a slit lamp, imaging and perimetric examinations. Currently known risk factors are high intraocular pressure, higher age, myopia, a thin cornea and darkly pigmented skin. If risk factors are present, antiglaucomatous therapy is indicated.

KEYWORDS:

Clinical trials; Glaucoma; Intraocular pressure; Open angle glaucoma; Risk factors

PMID:
27401466
DOI:
10.1007/s00347-016-0304-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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