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Adicciones. 2016 Jun 14;28(3):136-43. doi: 10.20882/adicciones.711.

Predictive Capacity of Cloninger's temperament and character inventory (TCI-R) in alcohol use disorder outcomes.

[Article in English, Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Unidad de Alcoholismo. Complejo Asistencial Universitario de Salamanca. avilaescribano@gmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

OBJECTIVE:

to investigate the ability to predict the outcome of alcohol use disorders through Cloninger's temperament and character inventory (TCI-R).

METHODS:

this is a prospective study consisting of 237 outpatients with alcohol use disorders who underwent follow-up treatment for 6 months and whose personality traits were studied using TCI-R. At the end of that period, the scores of each TCI-R trait were analyzed in terms of those who remained in treatment and those who dropped out.

RESULTS:

The whole group scored highly in novelty seeking (NS) and harm avoidance (HA) and produced low scores in self-directedness (SD), these last traits are considered prominent. The drop-out group scored significantly (p=.004) higher in novelty seeking (NS) than the follow-up group. Also, when the score was higher than the 67 percentile the likelihood of abandoning the treatment was 1.07 times higher.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cloninger's temperament and character inventory is a good instrument to predict the outcome of treatment of patients with alcohol use disorders and the novelty seeking (NS) dimension is strongly related to therapeutic drop-out.

PMID:
27399222
DOI:
10.20882/adicciones.711
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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