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Adicciones. 2016 Jun 14;28(3):136-43. doi: 10.20882/adicciones.711.

Predictive Capacity of Cloninger's temperament and character inventory (TCI-R) in alcohol use disorder outcomes.

[Article in English, Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

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Unidad de Alcoholismo. Complejo Asistencial Universitario de Salamanca.


in English, Spanish


to investigate the ability to predict the outcome of alcohol use disorders through Cloninger's temperament and character inventory (TCI-R).


this is a prospective study consisting of 237 outpatients with alcohol use disorders who underwent follow-up treatment for 6 months and whose personality traits were studied using TCI-R. At the end of that period, the scores of each TCI-R trait were analyzed in terms of those who remained in treatment and those who dropped out.


The whole group scored highly in novelty seeking (NS) and harm avoidance (HA) and produced low scores in self-directedness (SD), these last traits are considered prominent. The drop-out group scored significantly (p=.004) higher in novelty seeking (NS) than the follow-up group. Also, when the score was higher than the 67 percentile the likelihood of abandoning the treatment was 1.07 times higher.


Cloninger's temperament and character inventory is a good instrument to predict the outcome of treatment of patients with alcohol use disorders and the novelty seeking (NS) dimension is strongly related to therapeutic drop-out.

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