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Chest. 2016 Jul;150(1):17-26. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2016.02.649.

An Official Critical Care Societies Collaborative Statement-Burnout Syndrome in Critical Care Health-care Professionals: A Call for Action.

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Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.
Cox Health System, Springfield, MO.
Sections of Pediatric Sleep Medicine and Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, Pritzker School of Medicine, Biological Sciences Division, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.
Center for Clinical Research and Scholarship, Rush University Medical Center, and Rush University College of Nursing, Chicago, IL.
Division of Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University Health System, Medical College of Virginia Hospitals and Physicians, Richmond, VA. Electronic address:


Burnout syndrome (BOS) occurs in all types of health-care professionals and is especially common in individuals who care for critically ill patients. The development of BOS is related to an imbalance of personal characteristics of the employee and work-related issues or other organizational factors. BOS is associated with many deleterious consequences, including increased rates of job turnover, reduced patient satisfaction, and decreased quality of care. BOS also directly affects the mental health and physical well-being of the many critical care physicians, nurses, and other health-care professionals who practice worldwide. Until recently, BOS and other psychological disorders in critical care health-care professionals remained relatively unrecognized. To raise awareness of BOS, the Critical Care Societies Collaborative (CCSC) developed this call to action. The present article reviews the diagnostic criteria, prevalence, causative factors, and consequences of BOS. It also discusses potential interventions that may be used to prevent and treat BOS. Finally, we urge multiple stakeholders to help mitigate the development of BOS in critical care health-care professionals and diminish the harmful consequences of BOS, both for critical care health-care professionals and for patients.


ICU; burnout syndrome; critical care; moral distress; posttraumatic stress disorder

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