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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016 Jul 20;8(28):18640-6. doi: 10.1021/acsami.6b07024. Epub 2016 Jul 11.

Electrically Conductive Diamond Membrane for Electrochemical Separation Processes.

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Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics (IAF) , Tullastraße 72, Freiburg 79108, Germany.


Electrochemically switchable selective membranes play an important role in selective filtration processes such as water desalination, industrial waste treatment, and hemodialysis. Currently, membranes for these purposes need to be optimized in terms of electrical conductivity and stability against fouling and corrosion. In this paper, we report the fabrication of boron-doped diamond membrane by template diamond growth on quartz fiber filters. The morphology and quality of the diamond coating are characterized via SEM and Raman spectroscopy. The membrane is heavily boron doped (>10(21) cm(-3)) with >3 V potential window in aqueous electrolyte. By applying a membrane potential against the electrolyte, the redox active species can be removed via flow-through electrolysis. Compared to planar diamond electrodes, the ∼250 times surface enlargement provided by such a membrane ensures an effective removal of target chemicals from the input electrolyte. The high stability of diamond enables the membrane to not only work at high membrane bias but also to be self-cleaning via in situ electrochemical oxidation. Therefore, we believe that the diamond membrane presented in this paper will provide a solution to future selective filtration applications especially in extreme conditions.


boron-doped diamond; conductive membrane; electrochemical separation; self-cleaning; templated growth


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