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Nat Rev Immunol. 2016 Sep;16(9):553-65. doi: 10.1038/nri.2016.70. Epub 2016 Jul 11.

A guide to immunometabolism for immunologists.

Author information

1
School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.
2
Vanderbilt Centre for Immunobiology, Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA.

Abstract

In recent years a substantial number of findings have been made in the area of immunometabolism, by which we mean the changes in intracellular metabolic pathways in immune cells that alter their function. Here, we provide a brief refresher course on six of the major metabolic pathways involved (specifically, glycolysis, the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, the pentose phosphate pathway, fatty acid oxidation, fatty acid synthesis and amino acid metabolism), giving specific examples of how precise changes in the metabolites of these pathways shape the immune cell response. What is emerging is a complex interplay between metabolic reprogramming and immunity, which is providing an extra dimension to our understanding of the immune system in health and disease.

PMID:
27396447
PMCID:
PMC5001910
DOI:
10.1038/nri.2016.70
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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