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Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2016 Oct;54(10):816-24. doi: 10.5414/CP202563.

Bioequivalence and adhesion evaluation of transdermal clonidine following a change in excipient supplier.



To evaluate the bioequivalence (BE), safety, tolerability, and adhesion of Oppanol® polyisobutylene (PIB)-containing transdermal therapeutic system (TTS) formulation (test treatment, T) with VistanexTM PIB-containing TTS formulation (reference treatment, R) of clonidine.


This randomized, double-blind, 2-way crossover study comprised a 7-day treatment with 0.3 mg clonidine/24 h (T1/R1), a 7-day washout, and another 7-day treatment (R1/T1) period. After a 3-day washout period, subjects used T2 and R2 (each 0.1 mg clonidine/24 h) simultaneously in the 7-day adhesion phase. Primary endpoints were AUC0-168 and Cavg. Secondary endpoints were AUC0-∞ and Cmax. Additional endpoints included adhesion properties for all phases. For the primary endpoint, the geometric mean (gMean) ratios for test/reference treatment were calculated with BE defined as 90% confidence interval (CI) between 80 and 125%.


58 subjects (mean age, 41.3 years) received treatment (T1/R1, n = 29; R1/T1, n = 29); 55 completed the adhesion phase. BE criteria were met for the primary and secondary endpoints. Adjusted gMean ratios for T1/R1 were 102.3% (90% CI: 95.7%, 109.4%) for AUC0-168; 104.3% (90% CI: 98.4%, 110.5%) for Cavg; 102.8% (90% CI: 97.3%, 108.6%) for AUC0-∞; and 104.0% (90% CI: 98.2%, 110.3%) for Cmax. Mean adhesion was greater than 90% for all four patch types when data from all assessment times were included. Most frequently reported adverse events were general disorders and local irritation.


Clonidine Oppanol® PIB-containing TTS formulation was bioequivalent to VistanexTM PIB-containing TTS formulation and had similar adhesive properties. Both doses and formulations of clonidine-TTS were well tolerated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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