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Cortex. 2016 Sep;82:164-178. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2016.06.008. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

Thematic knowledge, artifact concepts, and the left posterior temporal lobe: Where action and object semantics converge.

Author information

1
Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Elkins Park, PA, USA; Univ. Lille, CNRS, CHU Lille, UMR 9193 SCALab - Sciences Cognitives et Sciences Affectives, Lille, France. Electronic address: solene.kalenine@univ-lille3.fr.
2
Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Elkins Park, PA, USA.

Abstract

Converging evidence supports the existence of functionally and neuroanatomically distinct taxonomic (similarity-based; e.g., hammer-screwdriver) and thematic (event-based; e.g., hammer-nail) semantic systems. Processing of thematic relations between objects has been shown to selectively recruit the left posterior temporoparietal cortex. Similar posterior regions have also been shown to be critical for knowledge of relationships between actions and manipulable human-made objects (artifacts). Based on the hypothesis that thematic relationships for artifacts rely, at least in part, on action relationships, we assessed the prediction that the same regions of the left posterior temporoparietal cortex would be critical for conceptual processing of artifact-related actions and thematic relations for artifacts. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated processing of taxonomic and thematic relations for artifacts and natural objects as well as artifact action knowledge (gesture recognition) abilities in a large sample of 48 stroke patients with a range of lesion foci in the left hemisphere. Like control participants, patients identified thematic relations faster than taxonomic relations for artifacts, whereas they identified taxonomic relations faster than thematic relations for natural objects. Moreover, response times (RTs) for identifying thematic relations for artifacts selectively predicted performance in gesture recognition. Whole brain Voxel-based Lesion-Symptom Mapping (VLSM) analyses and Region of Interest (ROI) regression analyses further demonstrated that lesions to the left posterior temporal cortex, overlapping with LTO and visual motion area hMT+, were associated both with relatively slower RTs in identifying thematic relations for artifacts and poorer artifact action knowledge in patients. These findings provide novel insights into the functional role of left posterior temporal cortex in thematic knowledge, and suggest that the close association between thematic relations for artifacts and action representations may reflect their common dependence on visual motion and manipulation information.

KEYWORDS:

Action knowledge; Artifact concepts; Left posterior temporal cortex; Thematic knowledge; Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping

PMID:
27389801
PMCID:
PMC4969110
DOI:
10.1016/j.cortex.2016.06.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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