Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Oncotarget. 2016 Aug 2;7(31):49322-49333. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.10337.

Cross-validation of survival associated biomarkers in gastric cancer using transcriptomic data of 1,065 patients.

Author information

1
MTA-TTK Lendület Cancer Biomarker Research Group, Budapest, Hungary.
2
2nd Department of Pathology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.
3
Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany.
4
Transgenic Oncogenesis and Genomics Section, Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
5
Cancer Genetics and Genomics Laboratory, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, Australia.
6
Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia.
7
Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
8
2nd Department of Pediatrics, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Multiple gene expression based prognostic biomarkers have been repeatedly identified in gastric carcinoma. However, without confirmation in an independent validation study, their clinical utility is limited. Our goal was to establish a robust database enabling the swift validation of previous and future gastric cancer survival biomarker candidates.

RESULTS:

The entire database incorporates 1,065 gastric carcinoma samples, gene expression data. Out of 29 established markers, higher expression of BECN1 (HR = 0.68, p = 1.5E-05), CASP3 (HR = 0.5, p = 6E-14), COX2 (HR = 0.72, p = 0.0013), CTGF (HR = 0.72, p = 0.00051), CTNNB1 (HR = 0.47, p = 4.3E-15), MET (HR = 0.63, p = 1.3E-05), and SIRT1 (HR = 0.64, p = 2.2E-07) correlated to longer OS. Higher expression of BIRC5 (HR = 1.45, p = 1E-04), CNTN1 (HR = 1.44, p = 3.5E- 05), EGFR (HR = 1.86, p = 8.5E-11), ERCC1 (HR = 1.36, p = 0.0012), HER2 (HR = 1.41, p = 0.00011), MMP2 (HR = 1.78, p = 2.6E-09), PFKB4 (HR = 1.56, p = 3.2E-07), SPHK1 (HR = 1.61, p = 3.1E-06), SP1 (HR = 1.45, p = 1.6E-05), TIMP1 (HR = 1.92, p = 2.2E- 10) and VEGF (HR = 1.53, p = 5.7E-06) were predictive for poor OS.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We integrated samples of three major cancer research centers (Berlin, Bethesda and Melbourne datasets) and publicly available datasets with available follow-up data to form a single integrated database. Subsequently, we performed a literature search for prognostic markers in gastric carcinomas (PubMed, 2012-2015) and re-validated their findings predicting first progression (FP) and overall survival (OS) using uni- and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis.

CONCLUSIONS:

The major advantage of our analysis is that we evaluated all genes in the same set of patients thereby making direct comparison of the markers feasible. The best performing genes include BIRC5, CASP3, CTNNB1, TIMP-1, MMP-2, SIRT, and VEGF.

KEYWORDS:

gastric cancer; meta-analysis; survival

PMID:
27384994
PMCID:
PMC5226511
DOI:
10.18632/oncotarget.10337
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Impact Journals, LLC Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center