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Nat Commun. 2016 Jul 7;7:12091. doi: 10.1038/ncomms12091.

Extra-coding RNAs regulate neuronal DNA methylation dynamics.

Author information

1
Department of Neurobiology, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA.
2
Department of Biochemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.

Abstract

Epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation are essential regulators of the function and information storage capacity of neurons. DNA methylation is highly dynamic in the developing and adult brain, and is actively regulated by neuronal activity and behavioural experiences. However, it is presently unclear how methylation status at individual genes is targeted for modification. Here, we report that extra-coding RNAs (ecRNAs) interact with DNA methyltransferases and regulate neuronal DNA methylation. Expression of ecRNA species is associated with gene promoter hypomethylation, is altered by neuronal activity, and is overrepresented at genes involved in neuronal function. Knockdown of the Fos ecRNA locus results in gene hypermethylation and mRNA silencing, and hippocampal expression of Fos ecRNA is required for long-term fear memory formation in rats. These results suggest that ecRNAs are fundamental regulators of DNA methylation patterns in neuronal systems, and reveal a promising avenue for therapeutic targeting in neuropsychiatric disease states.

PMID:
27384705
PMCID:
PMC4941050
DOI:
10.1038/ncomms12091
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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