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Genet Test Mol Biomarkers. 2016 Sep;20(9):516-21. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2016.0031. Epub 2016 Jul 6.

Overexpression of SORCIN is a Prognostic Biomarker for Multidrug-Resistant Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Correlates with Upregulated MDR1/P-gp.

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1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan , Isfahan, Iran .
2 Department of Pediatric-Hematology-Oncology, Sayed-ol-Shohada Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , Isfahan, Iran .



Multidrug resistance is one of the major causes of treatment failure in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and SORCIN is an intracellular calcium modulator protein. The current study was designed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo relationships between the expression levels of SORCIN: in tumor cell lines and children with ALL; its possible correlation with MDR1/P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a multidrug resistance-related gene; and response to therapy.


Childhood T-lymphoblastic leukemia (CCRF-CEM) cell lines resistant to methotrexate (MTX) were developed. Patient studies were performed by including 30 children with ALL at diagnosis, 3 children with bone marrow relapse, and 15 children with no symptoms of cancer. The mRNA expression profiles of SORCIN and MDR1/P-gp was assessed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Minimal residual disease (MRD) was measured in the patient population, a year following the initial therapy using qPCR.


Cell line data analyses showed a positive correlation between SORCIN mRNA levels and resistance to MTX. The difference between patient and control groups for SORCIN expression levels was not significant. However, patients with a negative response to therapy showed an increase in SORCIN mRNA levels (up to 6.8-fold) compared with those with negative MRD. In addition, the results demonstrated a significant positive correlation between SORCIN and MDR1/P-gp gene expression levels.


The current study introduces, for the first time, a possible prognostic value of SORCIN in childhood ALL, which may be correlated with MDR1/P-gp gene expression in these patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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