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Foot Ankle Int. 2016 Nov;37(11):1197-1204. Epub 2016 Jul 4.

Minimally Invasive and Open Distal Chevron Osteotomy for Mild to Moderate Hallux Valgus.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, Western Sussex NHS trust, Worthing Hospital, Worthing, United Kingdom.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, Western Sussex NHS trust, Worthing Hospital, Worthing, United Kingdom Simon.Palmer@wsht.nhs.uk.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Minimally invasive surgical (MIS) techniques are increasingly being used in foot and ankle surgery but it is important that they are adopted only once they have been shown to be equivalent or superior to open techniques. We believe that the main advantages of MIS are found in the early postoperative period, but in order to adopt it as a technique longer-term studies are required. The aim of this study was to compare the 2-year outcomes of a third-generation MIS distal chevron osteotomy with a comparable traditional open distal chevron osteotomy for mild-moderate hallux valgus. Our null hypothesis was that the 2 techniques would yield equivalent clinical and radiographic results at 2 years.

METHODS:

This was a retrospective cohort study. Eighty-one consecutive feet (49 MIS and 32 open distal chevron osteotomies) were followed up for a minimum 24 months (range 24-58). All patients were clinically assessed using the Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire. Radiographic measures included hallux valgus angle, the intermetatarsal angle, hallux interphalangeal angle, metatarsal phalangeal joint angle, distal metatarsal articular angle, tibial sesamoid position, shape of the first metatarsal head, and plantar offset. Statistical analysis was done using Student t test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test for continuous data and Pearson chi-square test for categorical data.

RESULTS:

Clinical and radiologic postoperative scores in all domains were substantially improved in both groups (P < .001), but there was no statistically significant difference in improvement of any domain between open and MIS groups (P > .05). There were no significant differences in complications between the 2 groups ( > .5).

CONCLUSION:

The midterm results of this third-generation technique show that it was a safe procedure with good clinical outcomes and comparable to traditional open techniques for symptomatic mild-moderate hallux valgus.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level III, retrospective comparative study.

KEYWORDS:

MIS; bunion; chevron; hallux valgus; minimally invasive

PMID:
27381179
DOI:
10.1177/1071100716656440
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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